Types of Disabilities

Our University encourages students and peers, teachers and academic staff, parents and the public to recognize, accept and respect students with individual differences and special educational needs. We can learn more about different kinds of disabilities by distinguishing three types of categories:

Type I: Communication, Physical and Sensory Disabilities

Type II: Learning and Developmental Disabilities


SpLD in reading and writing, also known as dyslexia, is the most common type of SpLD. Students with dyslexia, despite having normal intelligence and having received formal instruction, are unable to read, spell and dictate words accurately and fluently.

(注意力不足 /

Students usually have the following three characteristics: Inattention, Hyperactivity and Impulsivity.


Usually, children display autistic symptoms before the age of three. These children show marked disabilities in social development, language communication and behavioural adjustment.

Type III: Mental Illnesses

Mental illnesses (精神病) are health conditions involving changes in emotion, thinking or behaviour (or a combination of these). Mental illnesses are associated with distress and/or problems functioning in social, work or family activities.

Other Disabilities

Visceral disability (器官障礙), chronic illness (長期病患), brain injuries (腦部受傷), and having more than one type of disability are examples of other disabilities. Some SEN students have superior intelligence and learning disabilities at the same time. 

Sources: Education Bureau (2014, August). Operation Guide on the Whole School Approach to Integrated Education [PDF document]. Retrieved June 26, 2019, from https://www.edb.gov.hk/attachment/en/edu-system/special/support/wsa/ie guide_en.pdf 

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